This is an abbreviation of the Malaysian Urban-Rural National Indicators Network for Sustainable Development. An approach that measures and evaluates the sustainability of a city and its affiliates through the use of city indicators.
PLANMalaysia has been conducting a study on urban sustainability indicators since 1998 and a first set of urban sustainability indicators was prepared in 2002 known as the Malaysia Urban Indicators Network (MURNInet).
Involves 11 key sectors, including 56 urban sustainability indicators.
These indicators were subsequently modified in line with the needs of the country's policies based on their implementation until 2010, the indicators used at that time were reduced to 40 indicators.
From 2012 to 2016, MURNInets has been used as a measure of the sustainability of cities in Malaysia.
It is a major program not only at the department level but also at the Ministry of Urban Wellbeing, Housing and Local Government (KPKT) and used by other relevant Ministries.
In fact, the Local Authorities who participated in the program and achieved sustainable city status were honored by the Honorable Minister of the KPKT through the Sustainable City Award which was first introduced in 2007.
About MURNInets 2.0
PLANMalaysia is conducting a review of MURNInets improvements now known as MURNInets 2.0 in 2017. MURNInets 2.0 contained 6 dimension, 22 themes and 43 indicators.
Involves 27 indicators for data preparation actions by the MURNInets PBT Operations Center (POM PBT) and 16 indicators for actions by the State MURNInets Operations Center (POMN) / PLANMalaysia @ State.
The MURNInets improvement study involved trials of six (6) local authorities which is Shah Alam City Council (MBSA), Melaka City Council (MBMB), Pasir Gudang Municipal Council (MPPG), Seberang Perai City Council (MPSP), Kuala Langat District Council (MDKL) and Gerik District Council (MDG) and five (5) PLANMalaysia @ States.
Four (4) series of workshops and three (3) meetings and discussions with local authorities, PLANMalaysia @ State and data provider agencies were held to discuss in detail the data and requirements of each indicator to be used.
This improvement study is also in line with the country's key policy changes (11th Plan, 3rd RFN and DPN2) and the use of various urban sustainability indicators internationally so there is a need to conduct MURNInets improvement and strengthening studies to remain relevant to used.